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Animal Models

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Animal Model: Prenatal Restraint Stress
Preparation Type: Developmental Preparations
DA-related behavior: Increased novelty induced locomotor activity; enhanced MK-801induced locomotion
Gating: Impaired PPI
Cognitive behavior: Deficits in object recognition memory and contextual fear conditioning
Social behavior: Reduced social interaction
Molecular/morphological signature: Abnormal Purkinje cell growth and dendritic atrophy; glial deficits in the hippocampus (female specific); over-expression of DNMTs mRNA in the frontal cortex; decreased GAD67, reelin, and mGlu2 and mGlu3 receptor protein levels in the frontal cortex; altered neuronal migration
Response to APD: Clozapine reversed deficits in PPI and social interaction; increased locomotive response to MK-801 was attenuated by clozapine; phenotypic rescue with mGluR2/3 agonist or valproic acid
Citations: Behan AT, van den Hove DL, Mueller L, Jetten MJ, Steinbusch HW, Cotter DR, Prickaerts J. Evidence of female-specific glial deficits in the hippocampus in a mouse model of prenatal stress. Eur Neuropsychopharmacol . 2011 Jan ; 21(1):71-9. Abstract

Pascual R, Ebner D, Araneda R, Urqueta MJ, Bustamante C. Maternal stress induces long-lasting Purkinje cell developmental impairments in mouse offspring. Eur J Pediatr . 2010 Dec ; 169(12):1517-22. Abstract

Matrisciano F, Tueting P, Dalal I, Kadriu B, Grayson DR, Davis JM, Nicoletti F, Guidotti A. Epigenetic modifications of GABAergic interneurons are associated with the schizophrenia-like phenotype induced by prenatal stress in mice. Neuropharmacology . 2012 Apr 28. Abstract

Matrisciano F, Tueting P, Maccari S, Nicoletti F, Guidotti A. Pharmacological activation of group-II metabotropic glutamate receptors corrects a schizophrenia-like phenotype induced by prenatal stress in mice. Neuropsychopharmacology . 2012 Mar ; 37(4):929-38. Abstract

Stevens HE, Su T, Yanagawa Y, Vaccarino FM. Prenatal stress delays inhibitory neuron progenitor migration in the developing neocortex. Psychoneuroendocrinology . 2013 Apr ; 38(4):509-21. Abstract

July 30, 2016
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