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Schizophrenia Research Forum: Researcher Profile - Cameron Carter
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Researcher Profile - Cameron Carter

First Name:Cameron
Last Name:Carter
Advanced Degrees:MD
Affiliation:University of California at Davis
Street Address 1:Imaging Research Center
Street Address 2:4701 X Street
Zip/Postal Code:95817
Phone:(916) 7347783
Fax:(916) 7347884
Email Address:
(view policy) 
Member reports no financial or other potential conflicts of interest. [Last Modified: 23 November 2005]
View all comments by Cameron Carter
Clinical Interests:
Research Focus:
Neurodevelopment, Brain imaging, Genetics
Work Sector(s):
Web Sites:
Reasearcher Bio

Dr Carter’s research career has been primarily focused on understanding the neural basis of cognition, and the circuitry and mechanisms underlying impaired cognition in schizophrenia. He received his medical education at the University of Western Australia and his psychiatry residency training at the University of California at Davis, where he joined the faculty as an Assistant Professor in 1989 and conducted descriptive and cognitive studies. In 1993 he moved to the University of Pittsburgh to obtain advanced training in cognitive neuroscience and non-invasive brain imaging. During this time he built a productive research program that has been influential at both the conceptual and technical level, grounded in strong basic cognitive neuroscience, sound psychometric principles, and the careful use of cutting edge imaging methods. A major focus of Dr Carter’s work has been in using this approach to address unanswered questions regarding the role of the frontal cortex in cognitive control and of its disturbances in schizophrenia. The basic studies have had substantial impact in cognitive neuroscience. This basic research has also provided important leverage for interpreting the functional significance of altered frontal function in schizophrenia and led to the development of new behavioral and imaging paradigms that are sensitive to specific cognitive deficits and to the function of specific elements of the underlying neural circuitry. This cognitive and neural specificity enhances the prospects for the use of non invasive imaging in clinical diagnosis and risk assessment.

In October 2003 Dr Carter assumed a new position as Professor of Psychiatry and Psychology at the University of California at Davis. Dr Carter directs the Imaging Research Center at the University as well as the Schizophrenia Research Program, which includes the innovative EDAPT (Early Diagnosis and Preventive Treatment) clinic. By focusing the expertise and resources of this state of the art MRI based Imaging Research Center on imaging and clinical neuroscience and emphasizing multimodal imaging approaches, Dr Carter’s goal is to further increase our understanding of the pathophysiology of impaired cognition in schizophrenia and in particular its genetic and environmental determinants.
Top Papers
1. Snitz BE, MacDonald A, Cohen JD, Cho RY, Becker T, ¬Carter CS (in press). Lateral and medial hypofrontality in first episode schizophrenia: functional activity in medication-naïve state and effects of short term atypical antipsychotic treatment. American Journal of Psychiatry.
2. Kerns JG, Cohen JD, MacDonald AW, Johnson MK, Stenger VA, Aizenstein H, Carter CS (in press). Decreased Conflict and Error-Related Activity in the Anterior Cingulate Cortex in Schizophrenia. American Journal of Psychiatry.
3. MacDonald AW III, Carter CS, Kerns JG, Ursu S, Barch D, Holmes AJ, Stenger VA, Cohen JD (2005). Specificity of prefrontal dysfunction and context processing deficits to schizophrenia in never-medicated patients with first-episode psychosis. American Journal of Psychiatry, 162(3):475-484.
4. Botvinick MM, Cohen JD, Carter CS (2004) Conflict monitoring and anterior cingulate cortex: an update. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (12):539-546.
5. Kerns JG, Cohen JD, Stenger VA, Carter CS (2004). Prefrontal cortex guides context-appropriate responding during language production. Neuron 43(2):283-291.
6. Kerns JG, Cohen JD, MacDonald AW, III, Cho R., Stenger VA, Carter CS (2004). Anterior cingulate conflict monitoring and adjustments in control. Science 303:1023-1026.
7. MacDonald AW, Carter CS (2003). Event-related fMRI study of context processing in dorsolateral prefrontal cortex of patients with schizophrenia. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 112(4):689-697.
8. Macdonald A, Pogue-Guille M, Johnson MK, Carter CS (2003). A specific context processing deficit in the unaffected relatives of schizophrenia patients Archives of General Psychiatry 60:57-65.
9. MacDonald AW, Cohen JD, Stenger VA, Carter CS (2000). Dissociating the role of Dorsolateral Prefrontal and Anterior Cingulate Cortex in cognitive control. Science 288:1835-1838.
10. Carter CS, Braver TS, Barch DM, Botvinick M, Noll D, Cohen JD (1998). Anterior Cingulate Cortex, Error Detection, and the On Line Monitoring of Performance. Science 280(5364):747-749.

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